In Ghana, E-TIC currently focuses on the textil sector.
Informations sur le Pays
Population: 25.241.998 (est. 2012)
In the decades following the country's independence, the textile sector has dominated the field of the processing industry and has been an important source of income. The textile industry employed about 25,000 people generating a production of 129 million yards, running at 60% of its maximum capacity.
Kente is composed of a colorful woven strips from cotton or silk thread on a traditional weaving loom. The strips are then sewn together. The patterns and colors have specific meanings.
In July 2012, Ghana's population was estimated at 25,241,998 people, 2,269,000 of which lived in Accra (the capital), and divided by age as follows:
The population growth rate was estimated in 2011 to 1,787%. 51% of the population lives in urban areas, with an urbanization rate of 3.4% for the period 2010-2015.
Life expectancy at birth is 61.45 years, 60.22 years for men and 62.73 years for women (2011 est.).
Language and culture
The distribution of ethnicity appears as follows: Akan 45.3%, Mole-Dagbon 15.2%, Ewe 11.7%, Ga-Dangme 7.3%, Guan 4%, Gurma 3.6%, Grusi 2.6%, Mande-Busanga 1%, other tribes 1.4%, other 7.8% (2000 census).
The population speaks the following languages: Asante 14.8%, Ewe 12.7%, Fante 9.9%, Boron (Brong) 4.6%, Dagomba 4.3%, Dangme 4.3%, Dagarte (Dagaba) 3.7%, Akyem 3.4%, Ga 3.4%, Akuapem 2.9%, other (includes English (official)) 36.1% (2000 census).
With regard to religion, 68.8% of the population is Christian (Pentecostal/Charismatic 24.1%, Protestant 18.6%, Catholic 15.1%, other 11%), 15.9% is Muslim, 8.5% has traditional beliefs, and 6.1% has no religion (2000 census).
The literacy rate of Ghana's population is 57.9%. But there is a significant disparity between men and women, since the literacy rate for men is 66.4% whereas it is only 49.8% among women. Are considered literate people over 15 years those who can read and write.
Trade and employment
Ghana covers an area of 238.533 sq km (227.533 sq km of land and 11,000 sq km of water). In 2011, the GDP was estimated at $ 74.77 billion, of which 28.3% comes from agriculture, 21% from industry and 50.7% from services.
As for imports, they totaled $ 14.03 billion for the same year for products and partners following:
The official currency of Ghana is the cedi since 1965. One cedi is itself divided into 100 pesewas. On 3rd July 2007, Ghana changed currency. The new Ghana cedi is worth 10,000 old cedis. Since this change, it requires 14,000 cedis to buy one euro.
The labor force by sector is as follows: agriculture: 56%, industry: 15%, services 29% (2005 est.). The unemployment rate is estimated at 11% (2000 est.) and 28.5% of the population lives below the poverty line (est 2007).
In 2009, the country had 277,900 fix lines in use and 17,436,000 mobile phones. With an estimated population of 23,108 million (IMF), there is close to one mobile phone per capita.
Ghana has a democratic government system. With the Local Government Law of 1988 and later the 1992 Constitution, which made decentralization a constitutional obligation, the latter was introduced in Ghana to organize the territorial network in democratic institutions.
It is also worth mentioning traditional chefferies that survived the colonial period and that have demonstrated an amazing ability to adapt. They are now active institutions, a significant component of local life, especially for anything related to civil, land and natural resource management.
The two systems, one representative, with a political-administrative focus and serving the citizens, the other customary, hereditary and serving the clan, are now competing to exercise power locally, broaden their social base and capture scarce resources.
Formed from the merger of the British colony of the Gold Coast and the Togoland trust territory, Ghana became in 1957 the first sub-Saharan country in colonial Africa to gain its independence. Ghana endured a long series of coups before Lt. Jerry Rawlings took power in 1981 and banned political parties. After approving a new constitution and restoring multiparty politics in 1992, Rawlings won presidential elections in 1992 and 1996 but was constitutionally prevented from running for a third term in 2000. John Kufuor succeeded him and was reelected in 2004. John Atta Mills took over as head of State in early 2009.